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Evaluation of handpump water for drinking purpose in area of urbanization and agricultural development

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Author: 
Harsimran Kaur Ghuman, Sanjay Gupta, Sanjiv Aggarwal, Shamim Monga, Hobinder and Rupali
Abstract: 

Introduction: Pumps are a common means of lifting water from a clean groundwater in developing countries.

Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in district Faridkot, Punjab. The total of 20 water samples, 10 each from urban and rural areas were obtained using random sampling method.  The samples were tested in District Public Health Laboratory. Data was collected, compiled and analyzed by using SPSS-16 and chi-square test was used to statistically analyze  and p value <0.05 was considered as significant value.

Results: The pH was same for urban and rural areas (9.0) which exceeded the guidelines limit according to WHO standard. Total alkalinity values (urban area was 211,  rural area was 181, p = 0.053) and hardness (rural area was more, 195 as compared to 169, p = 0.107) were found to be greater than the value prescribed by WHO standards The iron was same for urban and rural areas( 0.200) which was twice the permissible guidelines of WHO.

Conclusion: Water should be treated with reverse osmosis system to render it fit for drinking purpose.

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